According to Lancet study, 98 mn Indians may have diabetes by 2030

98 million Indians will suffer from diabetes by 2030, says Study

As people around the globe continue to get fatter, diabetes rates will continue to rise and insulin supplies will be in short supply, a new study warns.

The rate at which people are developing diabetes has experts anxious that we will not be able to keep up with the demand for insulin.

People with type 1 diabetes require supplemental insulin.

Globally, 511 million adults are expected to have type 2 diabetes in 12 years, up from 406 million this year, the study found.

Insulin is needed to treat all people with type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes.

Sanjay Basu, assistant professor of medicine at Stanford University and who led the study, said: "Despite the UN's commitment to treat noncommunicable diseases and ensure universal access to drugs for diabetes, across much of the world insulin is scarce and unnecessarily hard for patients to access". Also, the expensive treatment is dominated by three manufacturers.

The study says that the demand for insulin is likely to rise by 20% by 2030, and the lack of availability will subsequently put patients at risk of developing complications.

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People living in Africa, Asia and Oceania regions will have the largest unmet insulin need in 2030 if access remains at current levels, according to the study.

Basu further added, "Despite the UN's commitment to treat non-communicable diseases and ensure universal access to drugs for diabetes, across much of the world insulin is scarce and unnecessarily hard for patients to access", said lead author Sanjay Basu from Stanford University, US.

Using data from the International Diabetes Federation and 14 other large-scale studies the researchers estimated the burden of type 2 diabetes in 221 countries and territories between 2018 and 2030.

The figures were presented in a study published on Wednesday in the journal Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology.

"Despite the UN's commitment to treat non-communicable diseases and ensure universal access to drugs for diabetes, across much of the world insulin is scarce and unnecessarily hard for patients to access", said lead author Sanjay Basu from Stanford University, US. The cost is one of the main reason as the price of insulin had already tripled between 2002 and 2013.

Sanjay Basu also added that governments should begin effective initiatives to make insulin affordable for patients all across the world.

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