Magnetic north is moving quickly causing compasses to show misleading directions

Earth's magnetic north pole is wandering about 55 kilometres a year

According to a study, the magnetic North Pole is drifting with a rate of 15 kilometres a year i.e. 9 miles/year.

But many of you might not have noticed it since the navigation systems in our cars or phones mostly use radio waves from satellites that revolve around the Earth to locate their position on the ground. "Smartphone and consumer electronics companies also rely on the WMM to provide consumers with accurate compass apps, maps, and Global Positioning System services", explains NCEI. Our Magnetic North Pole is now in a phase of quick shifting; more specifically, it's shifting away from Canada and toward Siberia. The early update was initially scheduled to be released at the beginning of the January, but the government shutdown forced a delay. The pole crossed the worldwide date line in 2017.

For decades, magnetic north was steadily inching away from the geographic North Pole, but for the last few years the north magnetic pole has been moving closer to the North Pole.

Airport runway names are based on their direction towards magnetic north and their names change when the poles move.

The military, for example, uses the WMM for navigation and parachute deployment. Since 1831, the magnetic north pole in northern Canada has been moving across the Arctic toward Russian Federation. By the summer, the discrepancy between the World Magnetic Model and the real-time location of the north magnetic pole had almost exceeded the threshold needed for accurate navigation, said William Brown, a geomagnetic field modeler for the BGS.

Earth's north magnetic pole is on the move, and it's moving so quickly scientists are struggling to keep up as it moves towards Siberia. On Monday, an update of where true north was released nearly a year ahead of schedule. The Fairbanks airport renamed runway 1L-19R to 2L-20R in 2009.

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There's an epic "tug-of-war" between magnetic field patches and apparently the one beneath Siberia is winning.

"The dynamo of Earth's core creates a magnetic field that is slightly tilted from the planet's rotational axis".

NASA said: "The last time that Earth's poles flipped in a major reversal was about 780,000 years ago, in what scientists call the Brunhes-Matuyama reversal".

Just as Global Positioning System relies on the satellites orbiting our planet, the compass in our smartphones and even the designated names of airports are closely tied in with the location of the planet's magnetic north pole.

At the end of 2017, the magnetic north pole crossed the global date line. Only by tracking it, said University of Leeds geophysicist Phil Livermore, can scientists hope to understand what's going on.

Many are in the belief that it changes like the weather. This liquid iron is in constant motion due to Earth's rotation and various other reasons, and this motion produces a magnetic field.

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